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Suffixes: -ment, -ance, -ence

BBC 6 Minute Vocabulary

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Words like excitement, performance and difference have suffixes that turn verbs and adjectives into nouns. Listen to Finn and Catherine talk about the suffixes -ment, -ence and -ance in this 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Nouns ending in –ment:

enjoyment
the process of enjoying something (feeling pleasure in something)

replacement
someone or something that replaces another (takes its place or does its job)

announcement
something which is announced (said publicly and officially, giving information)

disappointment
the state of being disappointed (unhappy because something did not happen, or was not as good as you hoped)

excitement
the state of being excited (happy and enthusiastic)

Nouns ending in –ence:

absence
the state of being absent (not being there)

confidence
the state of being confident (having belief in your own or someone else’s abilities)

independence
the state of being independent (free from control by someone or something else)

patience
the ability to be patient (able to wait or do something for a long time without getting annoyed)

difference
the state of being different

silence
the state of being silent (making no noise)

Nouns ending in –ance:

performance
(here) an occasion where people perform (act, sing, dance or play music)

guidance
information which guides you (helps or advises you)

insurance
an agreement which insures you (you pay money to a company, who then give you money if you have an accident)

assistance
help (from the verb assist)

dominance
being dominant (more important or stronger than anything else)

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